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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 28, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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>> this is bbc world news america. racing to beat a default deadline with five days to go the pressure mounts on u.s. politicians to get the deal done. >> it is time to act like adults, to work with the senate and work with the president to come up with a bipartisan deal and to get this job done. >> another twist in the u.k. phone hacking scandal. police say the mother of a murdered young girl may have been a target. and the treasures of scotland, the country's national museum will feature objects unseen for decades.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. taking it to the wire, that is what the u.s. congress is doing. next tuesday is the deadline for raising the country's debt ceiling or going into default. with five days to go the political shots are flying fast and furious. as the house of representatives gets ready to vote on a proposal the end game is far from clear, reason enough for the world's markets to worry. andrew north starts our coverage. >> fears of an american default are rippling worldwide. japan saw stocks plunge again. the u.s. congress, the battle goes on. some republican hard-liners are now backing their party's plan for a short-term increase in the debt limit, insisting americans are on their side. >> if he thinks he can do better, show us your plan mr. president.
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if the senate thinks they can do better, pass a bill. we are the only ones who passed a bill to resolve this debt crisis issue. we will pass a second one today. the reason this has been a hard issue for us is because we are taking democrat ideas in this bill. >> but the white house has already rejected the republican's plan saying it will postpone the inevitable. >> our objection is to any proposal that puts us through this three-ring circus again in any short period of time. because it already has significant negative impact on the economy, it would only have even more severe negative impact on the economy. >> it is a small side of progress that republican hard-liners are rallying behind their party's proposal. but what is really needed is compromise between the republicans and the democrats and that is still a long way off. >> they already have signs that the uncertainty created is
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undermining confidence for the u.s. recovery still anemic. and many communists -- economists believe america's credit rating will be downgraded. >> among those representatives who will cast their votes in the house today is republican congressman paul brown from georgia who not only argued the debt ceiling should be raised but that it should be lowered as well. congressman, thank you for joining us. >> i am honored to do so. >> how are you going to vote tonight? >> i will vote no against this bill. i introduced a bill two weeks ago that said we will lower the debt ceiling down to $13 trillion. i believe firmly we have to deal with the debt. the debt ceiling, whether it is raised or not, i don't think it will be much in the way of a factor of our credit rating as a country. our debt will be paid. i don't believe we will go into
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default whether the bill passes or not. and i think we will be ok economically but we have to deal with the debt long-term. i will vote yes for my grandchildren and yes for america and that is the reason i will vote no against this bill. >> the market disagrees with you and so does your own leader. he says for the sake of the country you must pass the bill and end the crisis. those were his words. isn't avoiding a default the most important thing at this stage? >> if you believe we will go into default on august 3rd, you are correct. a yes vote would be the proper notes. they can just put them through the shredder and we would have billions of dollars to operate on a while longer.
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there are a lot of politics involved in this and there is a lot of economic guessing. i talked to a lot of economists who don't believe we will go into default and that things will be just fine. the markets will be topsy-turvy for a while. >> if you can't agree even wloo there is a problem, you can't even agree between your own party members, how on earth will you reach a compromise with the democrats? >> i believe that john boehner already made arrangements with the leader in the senate that they will vote on this bill. now the president tried to unglue that agreement. but i engine the long-term that if this bill does pass the senate will vote on the plan and it will pass the senate and the president has to decide
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whether he will sign it or not. >> you think the speaker will get enough votes together to pass it through the house tonight and that there will be a compromise in the senate and there will be no default next week. >> i don't think there will be a default either way, jane. i know our leadership is working very hard to get enough votes to pass it and i think they will work right up to the time that the bill comes up for a vote. my guess, and i have no basis for it, but i guess that there will be somewhere between 220-225 votes for the bill. i think the bill will pass in spite of my no vote. >> congressman, thank you very much for joining us. for more on the obvious political tug of war now i am joined by michael duffey. mike, you heard the congressman there. he does not even think there is a problem. where on earth is all of this going? >> that was a great interview. it shows you just how dug in
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some of the tea party and more conservative party members are, not just about the bills being argued this week but about the core set of facts. the group that does not want to pass any type of measure this week really does not believe that default will happen. there is a gap between what the conventionalal wisdom is and the group of freshman tea party members that thinks it won't. does not believe default is likely to happen. what we have seen as a result of this whole debate is just how far apart the two facts view reality. you can bridge differences in legislation. it is really hard to bridge differences in how people see things. >> so, are we going to go into default on tuesday? >> i think we will. i think he got exactly right what will happen with a few
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small change it is. they will pass it tonight by a small margin. it will go to the senate and be defeated. democratic and senator leader will offer an alternative that looks similar but will have some softeners for the tea party and liberals so that they can pass it through the senate. and then send it back to the house and say pass it or we default and it will pass on monday. >> so, who are americans blaming for this baffling thing? >> everyone. they will blame republicans and democrats and the president for not getting on the stick earlier. he really did wait a long time between january when a lot of the proposals were first laid down and july 4th when he got going. he will blame the media for covering it like a sports event.
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and i think they will blame themselves for not being more in a mood to compromise. the country was founded on a spirit of giving a little. we lost that muscle memory, that instinct. and we are seeing it play out, not just on this issue but on lots of others. as a result we are right on the brink. >> the world is watching this going on as well. global markets are also shuttering. do you think it is a taste of things to come? we have the election coming up. will things get worse in congress before they get better? >> i think we are seeing a huge example of what is happening inside the republican party. a split between the establishment link and the new group of republicans. that is go to play out all the way through the election as they choose the nominees to run against barack obama. the white house as it runs for re-election will be running against that wing of the party. they won't worry about the middle. they will make the tea party
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wing of the republican party the opposition and run against that. i think we will see these divisions continue. they will affect the policies. it will make for a frustrating 12-18 months. >> mike duffey, thank you very much for joining us. later we will have more on the economic picture in the u.s. as we see what this classic novel tells us today. now to the u.k. where there are further accusations in the phone hacking scandal. the mother of a child who was murdered by a pedophile 11 years ago that she office a list of people whose phones may have been hacked. the revelation comes after her name appears in notes kept by an investigator employed by the news of the world newspaper. >> perhaps it seems this astonishing affair no longer had the capacity to shock.
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but the allegation this evening is that a bereaved mother who worked along side the news of the world and the former editor was all along one of its victims. her charity was contacted last night to be told her details were in the notebook of the phone hacker. in a statement it said she is absolutely devastated by this news. we are all deeply disappointed and working to get her through it. the last night of the news of the world. its last edition. she had previously been told she was not a hacking victim. she agreed to write an article for the final issue. she described the tabloid as a force for good and an old friend. and rebecca brooks, former editor of the news of the world describes her as her dear friend. the two worked together to campaign for sara's law, the public right to know where pedophiles are living. the newspaper gave sara a
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mobile phone. the guardian claims it is this phone that was illegally accessed. rebecca brooks said that these accusations are particularly upsetting. the idea that anyone on the newspaper knew that sara or the campaign team were targeted is unthinkable. if all of that true it is rank hipock accuracy. it makes you despair of modern journalism. sara's name is at the long list of potential hacking victims and this investigation is far from over. >> in other news around the world taliban militants carried out a major attack in southern afghanistan using suicide bombers, rocket propelled grenades and machine guns. the sustained assault targeted the offices of the deputy
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govern and a private security firm. the trial of desupposed president will start next week in cairo. he faces charges of corruption and ordering the killers of protectors. doctors said he was weak and refusing solid food. the maid who accused the head of the former i.m.f. of trying to rape her claim they have been left traumatized by the accusation. her lawyer says they may launch a civil suit. in china the government is facing a public backlash over the way it handled a high speed train crash that killed 39 people.
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authorities say the trash was caused by design flaws but allegations of corruption and lack of transparency are fueling public anger. the premiere has visited the crash site. >> this is the soft paternal face of the communist party. in times of a crisis like this one the premiere is called upon to soothe the nation's nerves. he pays his respect but he was also bow to public pressure. >> no matter if it is a mechanical fault, a management problem or a manufacturing issue, we will get to the bottom of this.
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>> the two high speed trains collided on saturday night. the authorities say the crash was caused by a signal failure. the train crash not only calls into question the future of china's high speed rail network, it also created a deep sense of mistrust between the authorities and the people. >> seething public anger has been building over a lack of answers and inflamed by allegations of corruption that terror likely to compromise the safety of the network. this woman's husband was killed in the crash. >> officials from the railway ministry shrugged off responsibility. they kept blaming the accident on the lightning strike. i am waiting for a clear explanation of what happened. >> china is spending hundreds
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of billions of dollars on its high speed rail network. critics say that it has been built too fast, which is compromising safety. what started as a project that generated huge national pride has now created anger. >> in an update to a story we brought to you last night a group of british veterans has been granted permission by the supreme court to appeal for damages. more than 1,000 former servicemen blame weapons testing in australia in the 1950's for years of ill health and birth defects in their children. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program the grapes of wrath revisited.
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the police in norway say they can't confirm all of those missing had been found. prosecutors say that he will be interrogated again on friday. >> the exploral carpet continues to grow. evan brock knows one of the tributes could easily have been for him. he came face-to-face with the gunman and lived. >> started shooting around me and he got several of the guys around me. he had to reload his gun. then i got my chance to get
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away. i ran into the water and started swimming. i got my clothes off and started swimming. >> was he still firing at you? >> yeah. he went down to the water and he shot many in the water trying to escape from there. i was just lucky. >> the majority of people on the island did escape but that does not mean they completely avoided harm. many are suffering. >> this is an act of human destruction and that causes more stress than injuries caused by nature or other accidents. and that mean the first point is to realize what is really going on. many get a feeling of is it real. >> meanwhile the latest stage in the healing process will come tomorrow with a memorial event in the city center to
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mark the exact time the attacks took place. >> returning now to the state of the u.s. economy as lawmakers continue to argue on capitol hill many americans are struggling under the burdens of higher unemployment and an uncertain financial future. so, what can the journey of the family tell us about modern day society? paul mason has stopped along the way. >> with unemployment rising the great american job search goes on. albuquerque, still suffering from the bust that caused the house price boom posted a fall in unemployment due to a pick up in public sector jobs.
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but for those that do not succeed there is a growing problem, where to live. this is a shelter for the homeless. jeremy reynolds runs it. >> has it got worse? >> absolutely. absolutely. i anticipate it getting even worse. >> why? >> because we have a faltering economy. you know all of these people around here, if you ask them how our rebounding economy rebounded for them they would laugh you off of our property. >> normally the families who came here were coping with drink, drugs or domestic violence, now there is a new kind of customer. the american middle class. >> i am larry, this is my daughter michelle. we are here because the economic times, my spouse took off on us and that cut our income in half and we lost our place and here we are. >> they have been living like this for three months. he is a truck driver but can't
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get work so he works for his wellfare money, $300 a month. this man was a manager of a vehicle fleet. >> when you lose a job and you have to downgrade, you have to downgrade your lifestyle. sometimes the bills start racking up and you only get further and further behind. then you start losing stuff. cars start getting took, you can't pay your note and you end up here. >> can i ask how it has been for you to cope with all of this? what is the toughest thing? >> we are on our second week. >> what is the hardest thing about it? >> well, just not having my kids here. that would be my number one
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concern. >> the low cost of motels in albuquerque play a hidden role in this crisis. many of them are housing the hidden homeless. >> what role does a place like this play in the whole housing and homelessness system? >> huge. many folks for the first 7-10 days of each month get their wellfare check and spend some or all on it for getting a room for 7-10 and then they migrate down to joy junction. >> it is like an alternating system. >> it is. >> it is a reminder of the basic fact of this session, it is a housing crisis. many americans cannot afford to put a roof over their heads and home repossessions are still rising. >> now to a new museum that features the first color
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television and a 37 foot totem pole. these will be on display for the first time in decades at the refurbished national museum of scotland. james cook has gone to have a look. >> this is the story of restless people and restless nation. this small country was put on the map. the power of the steam engine revolutionized industry. the television changed the lives of millions. and they sent back treasures from afar. >> the origins of a lot of these collections came from great inventors and explorers. once they brought things back to scotland, in many ways the stories to tell here are in part the story of scotland's engagement with the rest of the world. >> t-rex and the national history gallery.
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>> in here there are stories of survival. and some of the exhibits themselveses survived for decades in the freezer, some teating back to the 19 century. they are being used again to teach the theory of evolution. >> charles darwin lived on the site of the museum. he was a student in scotland. but alexander flemming, his discovery is a gem in this eclectic collection. >> we have a chance to remake the universal museum. that was the dream of the vicker toian period to bring lots of subjects together and give people a chance to understand the interconnectedness and people and the ideas about science. >> scotland has a rich literary tradition too. >> it was a great printing center. >> one is alexander mccall smith. what does it say about scotland
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today? >> i think it is very significant in that it demonstrates that there is a spirit of confidence in scotland. whatever happens politically will encourage people to perhaps take a more optimistic view of the future. >> with 8,000 exhibits, both small and large, the greatest hope more than 1 million visitors a year will come here to gaze in wonder. >> and we have news just in from libya that the libyan military chief is dead. there has been great speculation in the rebel stronghold who defected from gadhafi's side at the start of theup rising but was recalled from the front on thursday. well, that brings us to the end of today's broadcast. for all of us at bbc world news america, thank you for watching.
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was
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